Micro -food covers the vital vitamins and minerals that our body needs.
These vitamins and minerals; from energy production, immunity, bone health, growth, brain development.
Macro nutrients include proteins, fats and carbohydrates.
Macro nutrients are proportionally the group that the body needs more.
What is the difference of vitamins and minerals, both of which are referred to as micro nutrients?
Vitamins, plants and animals, heat, acid or air can be broken with organic compounds.
Minerals are inorganic unlike vitamins. They are found in the soil or in water and cannot be disintegrated.
The foods we consume contain various amounts and types of micro nutrients. In order to benefit from this diversity, it is smart to choose a diet with diversity instead of a uniform diet.
https://egepazarindan.com/c-vitamini-isiya-dayanikli-mi-cig-mi-tukemilmalilme/ What are the types of micro nutrients? What do micro nutrients do? Micro nutrients; Water -soluble vitamins are divided into four as fat -soluble vitamins, macro minerals and work minerals.
Regardless of its type, vitamins and minerals are absorbed in similar ways in our body.
Water -soluble vitamins
Most vitamins are located in this group. Water -soluble vitamins are not stored easily in the body and when consumed excessively, they are excreted with urine.
Water -soluble vitamins can be listed as follows:
Vitamin B1 (Tiamin): Helps convert nutrients into energy.
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin): Energy production, cell function and fat metabolism.
Vitamin B3 (Niacin): It is related to energy production.
Vitamin B5 (pantotenic acid): It takes according to fatty acid synthesis.
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxin): It is assisted by the production of red blood cells.
Vitamin B7 (biotin): Fatty acids, amino acids and glucose metabolism.
Vitamin B9 (Folate): It is involved in cell division.
Vitamin B12 (Kobalamine): It is of great importance for healthy nervous system and brain function.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid): It is necessary for the formation of neurotransmitters and collagen.
Oil -soluble vitamins
Oil -soluble vitamins are not soluble in water. They are best absorbed when consumed together with oily foods.
Oil -soluble vitamins are stored in the liver and adipose tissues.
Oil -soluble vitamins can be listed as follows:
Vitamin A: It is an important role in healthy vision activity.
Vitamin D: Supports immune function. Helps calcium absorption and healthy bone growth.
Vitamin E: It supports immunity and is an antioxidant that protects it from cell damage.
Vitamin K: It is necessary for the clotting of blood and healthy bone development.
Macrinerals can be listed as follows:
Calcium: It is necessary for bone and dental health.
Phosphorus: It takes part in the bone and cell membrane structure.
Magnesium: It is involved in a wide range of enzyme reactions, including the regulation of blood pressure.
Sodium: Helps maintain fluid balance and blood pressure.
Chloride: Helps maintain fluid balance.
Potassium: Helps nerve transmission and muscle function.
Sulfur: Each living is a part of the tissue.
Trace Minerals
Trace minerals can be listed as follows:
Iron: helps to provide oxygen to muscles. It contributes to the formation of various hormones.
Manganese: Carbohydrate, amino acid and cholesterol helps metabolism.
Copper: It is necessary for connective tissue formation.
Zinc: Growth is necessary for immune function and wound healing.
Iodine: It is responsible for the arrangement of thyroid.
Fluoride: It is necessary for bone and tooth development.
Selenium: It is important for defense against thyroid health and oxidative damage.
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