Compost is a natural and high quality fertilizer formed by bringing together organic wastes to decay.
Compost; It can be prepared in any environment. It can be prepared by bringing together herbal and animal waste waste from each house in the garden, in the park, at home or on the balcony.
The compost fertilizer you obtained; You can use flowers, vegetables and all kinds of plants. This organic component you prepare allows the soil to get better air, to keep the water better, and the soil is instrumental in enriching the mineral and vitamins. Allows the soil to reach the appropriate pH for living things.
By preparing a compost, you can ensure that your organic wastes from your home are valued. Otherwise, these organic wastes damage the air and nature by clustering or burning in one place.
What do we need to prepare compost?
Fruit and vegetable shells, rotting or corrupted fruits and vegetables, tea and coffee grounds, egg shells, paper and cardboard packages, newspaper, napkin, hair, dry leaves, dried flowers, unpainted and polished wood, sawdust… All organic wastes in the compost can be used.
The fertilizer of animals such as lambs, cows and chicken are also suitable for compost. However, the fertilizer of carnivorous animals such as cats and dogs is not used, because it contains a number of parasites harmful to human health.
It is important that each part of the compost takes oxygen. In order to reach an oxygen, it is necessary to mix compost from time to time.
Creatures that will make your compost make it ready, need water. Therefore, your compost must remain moist. Especially if you are preparing compote in the balcony or in the home, you need to irrigate from time to time. It is also important not to overdo irrigation. When you take it in your hand, a structure that drips water will not be a desired condition for compost.
You must protect your compost from direct sun and direct rain. Otherwise, the problem of bad odor may be encountered.
Which materials are not used in the compost? The substances you think you have undergone chemical contamination
Meat and dairy products are one of the most important ones that should not be added compote.
What are the types of compost? There are different methods of preparing your compost. The correct method will vary depending on your field, needs, waste amount and how much time and budget you want to allocate.
Basically, we can talk about 3 basic compost methods.
Cold compost is the most effortless method. If your area is narrow and limited, it will be the appropriate method. However, with this method, soil formation takes a longer time than other methods. This time can vary between 6 months and 2 years.
In this method, the organic material is not applied on top of each other. The pile is expected to ground it in its own way.
This method is prone to odor and flies. But there is a trick to overcome this problem. If it is always kept closed with a material such as shavings, straw, dry leaves, there will be neither flies nor odor problems. It is also important that the compost is taking air.
Hot compost is suitable for wider areas. Results are obtained in a short period of time ranging from 2 weeks to 1 month. It is a more risky method and requires some extent professionalism and experience.
In the worm compost, support is received from the otunans, as the name suggests. Worms feed on organic wastes and have a rich fertilizer fertilizer.
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